Pediatric Chest Wall Masses: Spectrum of Benign Findings on Ultrasound
Purpose or Case Report: A palpable finding along the chest wall is a frequent indication for pediatric ultrasound. Accurate identification of benign lesions can reassure families and appropriately triage patients who need follow-up, cross sectional imaging, or biopsy. The purpose of this exhibit is to review chest wall anatomy, illustrate ultrasound techniques, and discuss key ultrasound imaging features of common benign lesions and normal variants. Cases will include but are not limited to: accessory breast tissue, gynecomastia, sternalis muscle, angulated costal cartilage, rib fracture, chondral injury, ganglion cyst arising from the sternoclavicular joint, osteochondroma, neurofibroma, lipoma, myofibroma, pilomatrixoma, dermoid and epidermoid cysts, fibrous hamartoma of infancy, hemangioma, lymphatic malformation, and abscess. Each case will include the clinical presentation of the patient, classic ultrasound imaging features, and subsequent management.
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