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Society for Pediatric Radiology – Poster Archive

Abdominal Injury
Showing 3 Abstracts.

Verma Nupur,  Patel Pratik,  Rajderkar Dhanashree

Final Pr. ID: Poster #: EDU-108

Accidents remain a top cause of morbidity and mortality in pediatric patient. Assessment for blunt trauma to the abdomen is difficult in the trauma patient and findings of bowel injury can be subtly or confounded by visceral injuries. The most specific finding of free air in blunt hollow visceral organ is often minimally present, or entirely unseen. The pediatric radiologist must be familiarity with the more often seen and less specific secondary signs on CT, including free fluid, bowel wall thickening, and mesenteric contusion injury. We present, by case example, bowel injuries in the traumatic pediatric patient and their management and outcomes, while addressing common pearls and pitfalls. As many of these patients do well with non-operative treatment the radiologist must also be familiar with findings that would allow such option, to appropriately advice referring providers and manage potential re-image of the pediatric patient. Read More

Authors:  Verma Nupur , Patel Pratik , Rajderkar Dhanashree

Keywords:  Trauma, Pediatrics, Dose Reduction in CT, Abdominal Injury

Heitzmann Mark,  Shalaby-rana Eglal,  Deye Katherine

Final Pr. ID: Poster #: SCI-077

Abdominal injuries account for a relatively small percentage of non-accidental trauma. Previous estimates range from 0.5% to 11%. Despite this, abdominal injuries are the second leading cause of death in non-accidental trauma after head injury. Our objective is to assess the prevalence of abdominal injuries in the setting of suspected non-accidental trauma within a large urban children's medical center. Read More

Authors:  Heitzmann Mark , Shalaby-rana Eglal , Deye Katherine

Keywords:  non-accidental trauma, abdominal injuries

Williams Avery,  Groth Nicholas,  Southard Richard

Final Pr. ID: Poster #: EDU-025

Trauma is a leading cause of death and disability in children ages 1-18, with blunt trauma causing the majority of abdominal injuries. For radiologists, cases of trauma elicit the necessity of timely reads to determine if a patient requires immediate surgical intervention, or is a candidate for conservative, non-operative management. Spectral Dual-Energy Computed Tomography (DECT) obtains raw data at two energy spectra which by virtue of material decomposition can identify, isolate and or quantify iodine, pure calcium, and uric acid. Multiple image sets can be generated from a single scan allowing both standard anatomic and material-specific analysis. This allows accurate demonstration and grading of solid organ injury, differentiation between acute hematoma from ongoing vascular extravasation, detection of subtle injuries and visualization of compromised vascular structures all of which are imperative in determining the proper course of treatment in the acute trauma setting. Read More

Authors:  Williams Avery , Groth Nicholas , Southard Richard

Keywords:  Spectral CT, Abdominal injury, Solid organ injury