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Society for Pediatric Radiology – Poster Archive

Showing 1 Abstract.

Richards Morgan,  Riedesel Erica,  Richer Edward

Final Pr. ID: Poster #: CR-009

5 yo male with PMHx significant only for autism presented to ED with acute abdominal pain, hematemesis, and melena. Patient was tachycardic but normotensive with Hgb 5.6 g/dL (normal 11.5 – 13.5 g/dL) requiring transfusion. Patient was also jaundiced with scleral icterus, markedly elevated liver enzymes, and direct hyperbilirubinemia. Abdominal X-ray and Abdominal US did not demonstrate significant bowel pathology. However, gallbladder was abnormal with thickened, hyperemic wall and abundant internal debris. Common bile duct was massively dilated to the level of ampulla and filled with heterogeneous, avascular debris. No cholelithiasis or mass was demonstrated. Based on US, a differential diagnosis of cholecystitis, cholangitis, or choledochal cyst complicated by hemobilia was offered. MRI demonstrated dilated central intrahepatic and extrahepatic bile ducts containing layering T1 bright, T2 dark material. On arterial post-contrast images, the right hepatic artery was immediately adjacent to dilated common hepatic duct and blush of enhancement was seen concerning for active hemorrhage into type 4b choledochal cyst. The patient proceeded to diagnostic angiography, which was unable to demonstrate a site of arterial bleeding. Biliary drain was placed across the choledochal cyst with initial drainage of bloody material followed by drainage of bile. Patient subsequently underwent open cholecystectomy. Pathology demonstrated "mucinous papillary proliferation with increased histiocytes in lamina propria, consistent with gallbladder changes in Metachromatic Leukodystrophy (MDL)." Subsequent brain MRI demonstrated classic findings of MDL. Read More

Authors:  Richards Morgan , Riedesel Erica , Richer Edward

Keywords:  Metachromatic Leukodystrophy, Gallbladder, Hemobilia