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Society for Pediatric Radiology – Poster Archive

Juvenile Arthritis
Showing 1 Abstract.

Stanley Parker,  Rubesova Erika

Final Pr. ID: Poster #: EDU-013 (T)

Introduction: Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) is the most common rheumatic entity in children and the second most common cause of musculoskeletal symptoms in pediatric patients. Treatment of JIA largely depends on frequently managing inflammation within the joints, and as such, ultrasound is a prime imaging modality that can be used for detection and monitoring of inflammation. Ultrasound is more sensitive than plain films in the early detection of JIA, and ultrasound is more sensitive than clinical examinations alone. As a low-cost, high-resolution imaging modality, ultrasound allows visualization of the joint spaces, can be used to detect joint effusions, and can monitor synovial proliferation and joint hyperemia, all while not exposing the patient to radiation. We will present ultrasound images of various joints in children such as knees, ankles, wrists, hands and feet. Ultrasound technique, imaging planes, choice of probes frequencies and ultrasound settings are analyzed for optimization of the images. This presentation will highlight the diagnostic imaging findings of JIA on ultrasound, such the presence of joint effusions, synovial proliferation, capsular thickening, tendinitis as well as provide information on common pitfalls associated with age-specific appearances of pediatric musculoskeletal structures on ultrasound. Familiarity with JIA and musculoskeletal ultrasound findings will allow timely diagnosis and implementation of appropriate treatment strategies. Read More

Authors:  Stanley Parker , Rubesova Erika

Keywords:  Juvenile Arthritis, Ultrasound, Musculoskeletal