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Society for Pediatric Radiology – Poster Archive

Rekha Krishnasarma

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Showing 1 Abstract.

Although head ultrasound (HUS) is most often used in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) setting as a screening exam for emergencies such as hydrocephalus, intracranial hemorrhage, and ischemic injury, a spectrum of congenital brain abnormalities may also be diagnosed, especially with state-of-the-art US technology that enables detection of more subtle malformations. While brain MRI remains the gold standard for comprehensive evaluation of congenital CNS anomalies, knowledge of the appearance of such pathologies on HUS is vital: HUS is often the first exam performed, and some infants are too critically ill to undergo MRI. Identification of congenital anomalies by the radiologist may generate prognostic information that can impact critical medical decision-making and patient/family counseling in the NICU. The goals of this educational poster are to provide a systematic approach to evaluating congenital brain anomalies on HUS and illustrate the ultrasound appearance of common and less common congenital abnormalities with MRI comparisons, as well as highlight potential pitfalls in making these diagnoses. Covered entities include: Posterior fossa malformations: e.g., Chiari II, Dandy-Walker Midline anomalies: e.g., Holoprosencencephaly, agenesis of the corpus callosum, pericallosal lipoma Cortical malformations: e.g., Gray matter heterotopia, schizencephaly, lissencephaly Vascular malformations: e.g., Vein of Galen malformation Congenital infections: e.g., Congenital cytomegalovirus Read More

Meeting name: SPR 2020 Annual Meeting & Postgraduate Course , 2020

Authors: Snyder Elizabeth, Sarma Asha, Krishnasarma Rekha, Engelstad Holly, Pruthi Sumit

Keywords: Head ultrasound, Congenital anomalies, Ultrasound MRI correlation