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Society for Pediatric Radiology – Poster Archive

Head Ultrasound
Showing 3 Abstracts.

Patil Kedar,  Gorelik Natalia,  Kumalo Zonah,  Bure Lionel,  Albuquerque Pedro,  Faingold Ricardo

Final Pr. ID: Poster #: SCI-059

There is no standardized evidence-based neonatal head ultrasound (HUS) training guidelines within the literature. Simulation models have previously shown to improve resident proficiency in performing ultrasound-guided procedures. We developed an ultrasound-compatible neonatal brain phantom from polyvinyl alcohol cryogel (Figure 1) with the relevant cross-sectional anatomy.

The purpose of this study was to determine whether resident performance in HUS improves with the use of this novel brain phantom training model.
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Authors:  Patil Kedar , Gorelik Natalia , Kumalo Zonah , Bure Lionel , Albuquerque Pedro , Faingold Ricardo

Keywords:  Neonatal Head Ultrasound

Thompson Matthew,  Davis Joseph,  Thompson Atalie,  Hull Nathan,  Schooler Gary

Final Pr. ID: Poster #: SCI-055

The purpose of this study is to determine whether a decrease in hematocrit is predictive of an intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) on neonatal head ultrasound (HUS). Read More

Authors:  Thompson Matthew , Davis Joseph , Thompson Atalie , Hull Nathan , Schooler Gary

Keywords:  intracranial hemorrhage, head ultrasound, hematocrit

Snyder Elizabeth,  Sarma Asha,  Krishnasarma Rekha,  Engelstad Holly,  Pruthi Sumit

Final Pr. ID: Poster #: EDU-012

Although head ultrasound (HUS) is most often used in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) setting as a screening exam for emergencies such as hydrocephalus, intracranial hemorrhage, and ischemic injury, a spectrum of congenital brain abnormalities may also be diagnosed, especially with state-of-the-art US technology that enables detection of more subtle malformations.

While brain MRI remains the gold standard for comprehensive evaluation of congenital CNS anomalies, knowledge of the appearance of such pathologies on HUS is vital: HUS is often the first exam performed, and some infants are too critically ill to undergo MRI. Identification of congenital anomalies by the radiologist may generate prognostic information that can impact critical medical decision-making and patient/family counseling in the NICU.

The goals of this educational poster are to provide a systematic approach to evaluating congenital brain anomalies on HUS and illustrate the ultrasound appearance of common and less common congenital abnormalities with MRI comparisons, as well as highlight potential pitfalls in making these diagnoses.

Covered entities include:
Posterior fossa malformations: e.g., Chiari II, Dandy-Walker
Midline anomalies: e.g., Holoprosencencephaly, agenesis of the corpus callosum, pericallosal lipoma
Cortical malformations: e.g., Gray matter heterotopia, schizencephaly, lissencephaly
Vascular malformations: e.g., Vein of Galen malformation
Congenital infections: e.g., Congenital cytomegalovirus
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Authors:  Snyder Elizabeth , Sarma Asha , Krishnasarma Rekha , Engelstad Holly , Pruthi Sumit

Keywords:  Head ultrasound, Congenital anomalies, Ultrasound MRI correlation