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Society for Pediatric Radiology – Poster Archive

Oyoyo Udochukwu

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Showing 2 Abstracts.

Pediatric multiple sclerosis (MS) is difficult to diagnose at presentation, and the clinical features often overlap those of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM), neuromyelitis optica or clinically isolated syndrome. Established criteria for diagnosing MS are less reliable in pre-pubescent children. We seek to qualitatively and quantitatively define the MRI features of pediatric MS compared to ADEM at initial presentation. Read More

Meeting name: SPR 2020 Annual Meeting & Postgraduate Course , 2020

Authors: Fetzer Daniel, Aaen Gregory, Udochukwu Oyoyo, Achiriloaie Adina

Keywords: Multiple sclerosis, ADEM, white matter disease

Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS) is an important imaging adjunct for the diagnosis of hypoxic ischemic injury and brain death. As the concentration of adenosine triphosphate is depleted, the cell switches from oxidative phosphorylation to anaerobic glycolysis. The byproduct of this metabolic pathway is the creation of lactate from pyruvate. This leads to lactic acidosis, which can be detected with MRS. The presence of a lactate peak on MRS is not specific to the degree of hypoxic injury. In hypoxic conditions, other metabolites are detectable by MRS such as Alanine. Alanine is a product of the glucose-alanine cycle, where Pyruvate is converted to Alanine. We hypothesize the presence of high level of Alanine is seen only in severe hypoxia, and therefore may be a more specific marker for severe HIE and brain death. Read More

Meeting name: SPR 2023 Annual Meeting & Postgraduate Course , 2023

Authors: Dopp Matthew, Lund Matthew, Bartnik-olson Brenda, Barnes Samuel, Udochukwu Oyoyo, Burns-benggon Jennifer, Paggie Kim

Keywords: Brain Death, MRS, Hypoxia