Final Pr. ID: Paper #: 132
Hypoxic ischemic injury (HII) is a leading cause of neonatal encephalopathy and resultant cerebral palsy. Most studies focus on early magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and patterns of injury, with few studies evaluating patterns in delayed MRI of patients with cerebral palsy.
We aim to categorise the delayed imaging MRI findings and distribution of abnormalities in a large cohort of children with cerebral palsy and obtained for medicolegal purposes to determine the causes of cerebral palsy, and to map the frequency of anatomic involvement in those with hypoxic ischemic injury. Read More
Final Pr. ID: Poster #: SCI-012
Perinatal Hypoxic Ischemic Injury (HII) has a higher prevalence in the developing world. One of the primary concepts for suggesting that an imaging pattern reflects a global insult to the brain is when the injury is noted to be bilateral and symmetric in distribution. In the context of HII in term neonates, this is either bilateral symmetric (a) peripheral/watershed injury (WS) or (b) bilateral symmetric Basal-ganglia-thalamus (BGT) pattern, often with the peri-Rolandic and hippocampal injury. Unilateral, asymmetric or unequal distribution of injury may therefore be misdiagnosed as perinatal arterial ischemic stroke. This has been previously reported in the typical distribution patterns, without a clear indication of the prevalence. We aimed to determine the prevalence of unilateral, asymmetric and unequal degree HII and to characterize the distribution on MRI in a large database of patients with Cerebral Palsy (CP) from South Africa. Read More