Diagnosing paediatric TB can be challenging due to non-specific signs and symptoms and difficulties in getting a microbiological confirmation. Diagnosis relies mainly on symptoms and chest X-ray (CXR), with hilar or mediastinal lymphadenopathy as the most common finding. However, CXR has poor inter- and intra-reader agreement for mediastinal lymphadenopathy. Ultrasound (US) does not expose children to ionizing radiation; is repeatable and due to the recent development of portable, low-cost US machines it can be used at the point of care and is cost-effective. We investigated clinician-performed mediastinal US, comparing with CXR, for the detection of lymphadenopathy in children with suspected pulmonary TB.
SPR 2017 Annual Meeting & Categorical Course