Final Pr. ID: Poster #: SCI-036
Suspected airway compression in symptomatic children with Lymphobronchial Tuberculosis (LBTB) can be diagnosed using modern computed tomography (CT) assisted by coronal minimum intensity projection (MinIP) reconstructions. The accuracy of plain radiographs in detecting airway compression in children with TB has not been evaluated against an imaging gold standard in a dedicated manner.
We aimed to compare frontal CXR against thick-slab angled coronal CT MinIP in identifying airway stenosis at ten specific sites and to determine the agreement between the modalities regarding the degree of stenosis. Read More
Final Pr. ID: Poster #: SCI-020
Diagnosing paediatric TB can be challenging due to non-specific signs and symptoms and difficulties in getting a microbiological confirmation. Diagnosis relies mainly on symptoms and chest X-ray (CXR), with hilar or mediastinal lymphadenopathy as the most common finding. However, CXR has poor inter- and intra-reader agreement for mediastinal lymphadenopathy. Ultrasound (US) does not expose children to ionizing radiation; is repeatable and due to the recent development of portable, low-cost US machines it can be used at the point of care and is cost-effective.
We investigated clinician-performed mediastinal US, comparing with CXR, for the detection of lymphadenopathy in children with suspected pulmonary TB. Read More
Final Pr. ID: Poster #: EDU-095
In 2017, children under the age of 15 accounted for only 10% of the 10 million Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) infections estimated by the World Health Organization. Child carriers of TB pose health risks to their adult caregivers, and children can exhibit greater susceptibility to significant health risks from the infection. Nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) infection presents disparate health risks and can generate imaging specific findings. This presentation addresses radiologic manifestations of mycobacterial disease as a means to educate pediatric radiologists given the medical significance of mycobacterial infection. Read More
Final Pr. ID: Poster #: SCI-043
Diagnosing pediatric pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) may be challenging as getting microbiological confirmation is difficult. Chest X-Ray (CXR) involves radiation exposure and has poor inter-reader agreement. Mediastinal lymphadenopathy can also be detected by mediastinal ultrasound (US). We describe technical aspects of performing mediastinal US and the findings in children with suspected PTB. Read More
Final Pr. ID: Poster #: CR-048
In a child with escalating hemoptysis, negative TB testing, and history of penetrating thoracic trauma, chronic inflammation and vascular injury as a result of radiolucent foreign body should be considered. Read More
Final Pr. ID: Poster #: CR-005 (S)
El abdomen es el sitio más común de tuberculosis extraperitoneal, siendo las linfadenopatías mesentéricas y peripancréaticas, la manifestación más frecuente en hasta el 55-65% de pacientes. La tomografía es el principal método de imagen usado para su evaluación.
La presencia de obstrucción biliar, gastrointestinal o genitourinaria sugiere un diagnóstico alternativo.
Keywords: Granulomatous diseases, Tuberculosis
Final Pr. ID: Poster #: EDU-019 (S)
- To review the ethiopathogenesis of tuberculosis (TB);
- To discuss clinical and epidemiological variables, as well the radiological findings seen in radiography, ultrasound (US), computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging performed due to clinical suspicion of TB;
- To review and widely ilustrated in this paper the imaging findings in TB.