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Society for Pediatric Radiology – Poster Archive


Education
Showing 27 Abstracts.

Soto Gloria,  Nievelstein Rutger,  Boechat Ines,  Pool Kara-lee,  Dehaye Amanda,  Ducou Le Pointe Hubert,  Halliday Kath,  Lam Wendy,  Lopez Pino Miguel,  Mentzel Hans-joachim,  Mwango Gladys

Final Pr. ID: Poster #: EDU-065

Five years ago the leaders of the world’s regional pediatric imaging societies launched the World Federation of Pediatric Imaging (WFPI), a pediatric imaging body with global overview. According to its mission statement "WFPI provides an international platform for pediatric radiology organizations united to address the challenges in global pediatric imaging training and the delivery of services".
To guide WFPI's outreach endeavors as well as of other organizations interested in improving pediatric radiology services worldwide a project to better define the needs and gaps of pediatric radiologists and training centers worldwide was undertaken.
The project aims to:
-Establish the number of Pediatric Radiologists (as regionally defined) per country/region around the world
-Outline the training pediatric radiologists receive and availability of training centers
-Highlight major disparities and gaps in availability of pediatric radiologists and pediatric imaging training
-Based on this information create a roadmap for WFPI’s global efforts.
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Authors:  Soto Gloria , Nievelstein Rutger , Boechat Ines , Pool Kara-lee , Dehaye Amanda , Ducou Le Pointe Hubert , Halliday Kath , Lam Wendy , Lopez Pino Miguel , Mentzel Hans-joachim , Mwango Gladys

Keywords:  Outreach, Training, Education

Reid Janet,  Gandhi Trupti,  Kazmi Parvez,  Anupindi Sudha,  Francavilla Michael,  States Lisa

Final Pr. ID: Poster #: EDU-137

Learning at point of care has become the norm. There is endless unfiltered radiology educational material available on the internet. Radiology trainees and educators need a filtered high quality engine available at point of care to enable efficient and effective learning and teaching.
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Authors:  Reid Janet , Gandhi Trupti , Kazmi Parvez , Anupindi Sudha , Francavilla Michael , States Lisa

Keywords:  education, CMS, LMS, learning, point-of-care

Alkhulaifat Dana,  Rafful Patricia,  Lopez Rippe Julian,  Khalkhali Vahid,  Welsh Michael,  Wieczkowski Sydney,  Reid Janet,  Sotardi Susan

Final Pr. ID: Poster #: EDU-047

Artificial intelligence (AI) applications for radiology have undergone exponential growth in recent years, owing to the development of large datasets for use in machine learning algorithms and technological advancements in the field of imaging informatics. However, the advancement of AI algorithms in pediatric radiology has lagged behind adult applications. Currently, only seven commercially-available AI algorithms have received FDA approval for use in the pediatric population [1]. One of the major factors limiting the use of AI in pediatric radiology is the lack of the requisite large pediatric imaging datasets.
In AI research and implementation, pediatric radiologists serve as stewards of imaging data. As such, pediatric radiologists should be trained in AI data management, including best practices for the selection, curation, de-identification, and storage of radiology data. Since a necessary first step in the development of AI algorithms requires the curation of large datasets, pediatric radiologists should have a basic understanding of how to archive imaging data for AI research and validation. However, few resources are currently available to provide targeted education for pediatric radiologists with respect to AI data curation..
The aim of this educational exhibit is to provide an educational resource specifically for pediatric radiologists which teaches best practices for data management in AI research, including the selection of patient cohorts, data anonymization techniques, image annotation and segmentation methods, and data storage tools. This exhibit integrates our professional experience, with a thorough literature review of prior AI research, into an educational resource to teach data science methodologies for the management of AI research and clinical implementation to the pediatric radiology community.

References
1. AI Central. https://aicentral.acrdsi.org/. Accessed 18 Oct 2022
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Authors:  Alkhulaifat Dana , Rafful Patricia , Lopez Rippe Julian , Khalkhali Vahid , Welsh Michael , Wieczkowski Sydney , Reid Janet , Sotardi Susan

Keywords:  Artificial Intelligence, Education, Data Management

Nicholas Jennifer,  Marrocco Michael,  Shelton Peter,  Killeen Amy,  Don Steven

Final Pr. ID: Poster #: SCI-031

A button battery lodged in the esophagus is a medical emergency. This study evaluated how accurately button batteries can be distinguished from other ingested foreign bodies on radiographs and how this influences clinical management. Read More

Authors:  Nicholas Jennifer , Marrocco Michael , Shelton Peter , Killeen Amy , Don Steven

Keywords:  Button Battery, Emergency, Education

Derbew Hermon Miliard,  Hailu Tigist,  Salah Fathia Omar,  Otero Hansel

Final Pr. ID: Poster #: SCI-007

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, after more than 12 years of in-person programming, our educational collaboration with radiology trainees from Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital (TASH) in Ethiopia was interrupted. Similar to many US based programs, conferences were transitioned to a virtual format. Since January 2021, we have offered weekly hour-long Friday Case review sessions to residents and fellows from Addis Ababa University. After the first 4 months in which only 2 faculty members presented every week, the opportunity for additional volunteers was offered to all faculty members and the program continued. Here, we describe the results of the last 6 months of the teaching sessions. Read More

Authors:  Derbew Hermon Miliard , Hailu Tigist , Salah Fathia Omar , Otero Hansel

Keywords:  global, education, pediatric radiology

Nguyen Haithuy,  Mehollin-ray Amy,  Sammer Marla

Final Pr. ID: Paper #: 169

Midgut volvulus (MV) is a surgical emergency conventionally diagnosed with fluoroscopy. Ultrasonography (US) is an alternate method to expedite diagnosis when a radiologist is not on-site, but can be limited by interpreter and sonographer familiarity with the key findings needed to make the diagnosis. The primary objective of this study was to see if a newly-designed curriculum improved trainee knowledge of US for midgut volvulus. Read More

Authors:  Nguyen Haithuy , Mehollin-ray Amy , Sammer Marla

Keywords:  education, resident, ultrasound

Rooks Elizabeth,  Rousslang Lee,  Meldrum Jaren,  Ishikawa Kyle,  Chen John,  Rousslang Nikki,  Nayiga Joyce,  Destigter Kristen

Final Pr. ID: Poster #: SCI-015

Resident trainees in East Africa are challenged in learning pediatric radiology due to limited access to subspecialty knowledge and mentorship. The ubiquitous use of smartphones provides the opportunity to use free instant messaging apps to deliver medical education. To test this approach, we delivered case-based modules via WhatsApp to residents to assess knowledge of pediatric radiology and elicited their feedback for evaluation. Read More

Authors:  Rooks Elizabeth , Rousslang Lee , Meldrum Jaren , Ishikawa Kyle , Chen John , Rousslang Nikki , Nayiga Joyce , Destigter Kristen

Keywords:  Pediatric Radiology, East Africa, Education

Brady Darragh

Final Pr. ID: Poster #: EDU-063

The anatomy of the temporal bone is complex and dense. Learning its complexity provides a challenge. One method to facilitate its learning is the 'method of loci' method. It is a method of memory enhancement which uses visualizations with the use of spatial memory, familiar information about one's environment, to quickly and efficiently recall information. This educational exhibit uses a simple story and imagery superimposed on the multiplanar CT images to impose a natural structure and sequence that will aide in learning how to read, and detect normal, and abnormal anatomy of the temporal bone. Read More

Authors:  Brady Darragh

Keywords:  temporal bone, education

Gilyard Shenise,  Dickson Paula,  Loewen Jonathan,  Richer Edward,  Riedesel Erica,  Tuburan Smyrna

Final Pr. ID: Poster #: SCI-022

Demonstrate how a pediatric radiology division at a single institution structures short-interval feedback to residents. Describe how the division collects interval resident feedback. Demonstrate resident responses to this pilot program of instituting standardized weekly feedback. Read More

Authors:  Gilyard Shenise , Dickson Paula , Loewen Jonathan , Richer Edward , Riedesel Erica , Tuburan Smyrna

Keywords:  education, feedback, radiology resident

Gilyard Shenise,  Dickson Paula,  Loewen Jonathan,  Richer Edward,  Riedesel Erica,  Tuburan Smyrna

Final Pr. ID: Paper #: 171

Demonstrate how the Pediatric Radiology Department at a single institution structures short-interval feedback to residents. Describe how the department collects short-interval feedback from residents regarding their experiences. Demonstrate resident responses to this pilot program of instituting standardized weekly feedback Read More

Authors:  Gilyard Shenise , Dickson Paula , Loewen Jonathan , Richer Edward , Riedesel Erica , Tuburan Smyrna

Keywords:  education, feedback, radiology resident

Pfeifer Cory,  Castillo Samantha

Final Pr. ID: Poster #: SCI-006

This study evaluates the value of radiologist-driven imaging education in a pediatric residency program. The primary goals of this educational program were to provide pediatric residents with resources such as the American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria, support optimal resource utilization and patient care, increase resident understanding of radiation risk, and determine the value of integrating radiologists into pediatric education. Read More

Authors:  Pfeifer Cory , Castillo Samantha

Keywords:  education, appropriateness, utilization

Davis James,  David Bloom,  Gibson Donald,  Sokhandon Farnoosh

Final Pr. ID: Poster #: EDU-053

Despite countless hours of work by experts in radiology and other fields to create the ACR Appropriateness Criteria, there remains a lack of understanding by ordering physicians on how and when to access the guidelines. The goal of this project is to identify the areas of misunderstanding among the clinicians at our institution and provide lectures in an attempt to improve compliance with the ACR Appropriateness Criteria.
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Authors:  Davis James , David Bloom , Gibson Donald , Sokhandon Farnoosh

Keywords:  Appropriateness Criteria, Multidisciplinary Education

Darge Kassa,  Tomlinson Chris,  Debebe Tequam,  Gorfu Yocabel,  Zewdneh Daniel,  Bedane Alemayehu,  Kebede Tesfaye,  Renjen Pooja,  Boechat Ines,  Dehaye Amanda,  Reid Janet,  Cahill Anne Marie,  Jaramillo Diego,  Keller Marc,  Mahboubi Soroosh,  Mong Andrew,  Servaes Sabah,  Shekdar Karuna,  Victoria Teresa

Final Pr. ID: Poster #: EDU-134

Pediatric radiology focuses on appropriate and safe diagnostic imaging and intervention in children of all ages. In Ethiopia, a sub-Saharan developing country in East Africa, almost 60% of the population is in the pediatric age group. In the main referral general hospital of the country children make up 48% of the patient population. Currently, there is no pediatric radiologist in the country. The aim of this presentation is to describe the undertakings of the International Outreach in Pediatric Radiology Education Program in Ethiopia of the Department of Radiology, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP), which is aiming to improve the existing situation. This program is carried out under the auspices of the World Federation of Pediatric Imaging (WFPI). Read More

Authors:  Darge Kassa , Tomlinson Chris , Debebe Tequam , Gorfu Yocabel , Zewdneh Daniel , Bedane Alemayehu , Kebede Tesfaye , Renjen Pooja , Boechat Ines , Dehaye Amanda , Reid Janet , Cahill Anne Marie , Jaramillo Diego , Keller Marc , Mahboubi Soroosh , Mong Andrew , Servaes Sabah , Shekdar Karuna , Victoria Teresa

Keywords:  Education, Fellowship, International Outreach, Continuing Medical Education, Ethiopia, Africa

Brinson Dana,  Butler Nikki

Final Pr. ID: Poster #: EDU-002 (R)

Educating adult learners, while competing with a busy clinical environment, limited staffing, and differences in learning styles can be challenging. To combat these challenges, a delivery format that is memorable, engaging and adaptive is essential to the safety of the environment for patients, visitors and staff. Read More

Authors:  Brinson Dana , Butler Nikki

Keywords:  Education

Wright Angie,  Simoneaux Stephen

Final Pr. ID: Poster #: EDU-010 (T)

During a recent CT renovation, a mobile CT scanner had to be used at a major urban children's hospital which also is a Level 1 trauma center. Performing exams while maintaining patient safety and providing quality diagnostic imaging involved the collaborative efforts of the radiology team, the project manager, the construction team, and the hospital service line leaders. The purpose of this exhibit is highlight the anticipated and unanticipated considerations which had to be addressed prior to the use of the mobile CT scanner. Knowing how these environmental and patient safety issues were identified and addressed may be a help with future radiology equipment replacement projects.
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Authors:  Wright Angie , Simoneaux Stephen

Keywords:  Education, Mobile, CT

Langford Stacey,  Hess Erika,  Lenhart Carolyn,  Kapsin Kathleen

Final Pr. ID: Poster #: EDU-049

Some negative patient and family experiences at our institution relating to sedation MRI examinations were thouroughly investigated. While causes of negative experiences varied, multiple patients arrived with misconceptions and unrealistic expectations regarding their examination, particularly relating to issues of MR safety, MR incompatibility, and use of sedation. Some of these misconceptions were found to be derived from interactions with referring physicians. As our institution already has multiple practices in place for preparing and educating our sedation MRI patients and families, we instead targetted the education of our referring physicians with a comprehensive sedation MRI packet complete with additional resources for both physicians and patients. Read More

Authors:  Langford Stacey , Hess Erika , Lenhart Carolyn , Kapsin Kathleen

Keywords:  Sedation, MRI, Referring physicians, Education

Rooks Veronica,  Rosman David,  Kim Sung,  Harris Robert

Final Pr. ID: Poster #: EDU-056

Review the experience teaching pediatric radiology to first year radiology residents in the first year of a new residency program in Rwanda.

One of the goals of the Human Resources for Health (HRH) program is to build a residency-trained physician workforce to create a sustainable health education infrastructure in Rwanda. Establishing a radiology residency program in a resource-poor African nation is a challenge being addressed by combining curricula from South Africa, Kenya, and United States and supplemented with ACGME materials. In Rwanda, the pediatric specialty is especially critical due to the high pediatric population as the country continues to recover from the 1994 genocide.

Approximately 12 months of general radiology training, visiting faculty offered a two-month rotation in pediatric radiology. To assess efficacy, a pre- and post-rotation evaluation program was implemented. Objective, case-based tests consisting of 100 cases were implemented on the first and last day of the eight-week rotation, which comprised from nine to fifteen hours of formal lecture and case-based teaching each week. A paired t-test was used to compare pre- and post-rotation test results.

View box examination scores for four first-year residents were recorded. Pretest mean: 27% (range 12-33% correct), Post-test mean 49% (range 27-62% correct), Average overall improvement: 22 percentage points (95% CI 12-32, p=0.005).

Pediatric radiology knowledge did not increase as much as would be expected for developed world learners under the same curriculum. Complicating factors leading to complexity include basic medical knowledge, number of learning hours at view box vs didactic lecture, and the inconsistent caseload mix at local hospitals. Expected routine cases in the Western world are not commonplace in Africa; however, more challenging cases such as ischiopagus tetrapus, accessory limb, and extensive fat necrosis are seen. Language and cultural barriers impede teaching and uptake of new information. Diagnosis and communication must consider social, financial, and nutrition limitations. Equipment limitations, coupled with supply shortfalls, frequently influenced the exam recommendations.

The challenges identified during this two-month experience should inform future efforts to teach medicine in low-resource countries. Curricula modifications may be needed to address language, social, financial and caseload challenges as well as equipment/resource shortages.
Read More

Authors:  Rooks Veronica , Rosman David , Kim Sung , Harris Robert

Keywords:  Rwanda, Africa, Education

Hogan James,  Frasso Rosemary,  Hailu Tigist,  Tate Alyssa,  Martin Robert,  Sze Raymond

Final Pr. ID: Poster #: SCI-025

To explore the imaging clinical decision support (ICDS) needs of pediatric emergency department physicians (PEDP’s) prior to the implementation of imaging clinical decision support software (ICDSS). Read More

Authors:  Hogan James , Frasso Rosemary , Hailu Tigist , Tate Alyssa , Martin Robert , Sze Raymond

Keywords:  Informatics, Education

Aboughalia Hassan,  Cheeney Safia,  Oztek Murat Alp,  Iyer Ramesh

Final Pr. ID: Poster #: EDU-051

Nuclear medicine, which encompasses a variety of body functions assessment, offers valuable complementary functional information to that provided by anatomic imaging. Scintigraphy is often underutilized in pediatric radiology. Thus, trainees may be less comfortable interpreting a pediatric scintigraphic study, especially when requested urgently after hours, given the varying degree of comfort reading nuclear medicine studies amongst faculty. Common pediatric scintigraphic studies encountered in this context are performed to evaluate for CSF shunt dysfunction, gastrointestinal bleeding, brain death, and Meckel’s diverticulum. Other less commonly encountered studies are done to assess for bile leak, post-renal transplant complications, and pulmonary embolism. The aim of this exhibit is to provide a brief overview of the nuclear medicine studies that may be encountered after hours to familiarize trainees with appropriate indications, imaging techniques, normal and abnormal scintigraphic findings, and pitfalls to be avoided when interpreting these studies with emphasis on the unique challenges in the pediatric population, such as the need for sedation. Read More

Authors:  Aboughalia Hassan , Cheeney Safia , Oztek Murat Alp , Iyer Ramesh

Keywords:  Scintigraphy, On-call, Resident education

Gillman Jennifer,  Reid Janet,  Servaes Sabah,  Zhuang Hongming,  States Lisa

Final Pr. ID: Poster #: SCI-062

Experience in pediatric nuclear medicine is limited and not uniform across residency and pediatric fellowship training programs. At our tertiary care pediatric hospital, emergent nuclear medicine exams performed after hours are currently read by radiologists with expertise in pediatric nuclear medicine. A decision to shift this responsibility to in-house faculty has prompted creation of a continuing medical education (CME) learning module as part of an institutional comprehensive learning management system (LMS). The goal of this module is to train faculty, fellows and residents in the indications, protocols, diagnostic criteria, potential pitfalls and problem-solving techniques when reading emergent pediatric nuclear medicine exams. The purpose of this study is to better understand the volume of nuclear medicine cases on-call and the potential need for a dedicated pediatric nuclear medicine curriculum. Read More

Authors:  Gillman Jennifer , Reid Janet , Servaes Sabah , Zhuang Hongming , States Lisa

Keywords:  Education

Hayes Kari

Final Pr. ID: Poster #: EDU-116

To redesign our pediatric radiology elective curriculum to better prepare all medical students to have the necessary skills needed to improve care for pediatric patients. Read More

Authors:  Hayes Kari

Keywords:  Education

Zember Jonathan,  Zewdneh Daniel,  Gorfu Yocabel,  Reid Janet,  Steenhoff Andrew,  Darge Kassa

Final Pr. ID: Poster #: EDU-051

Since 2008, the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) Department of Radiology has conducted pediatric radiology international education outreach in Ethiopia. In 2008, there was not a single Ethiopian pediatric radiologist in a country of 100 million people, where 60% of the population is under the age of 20. As such, children are a major population for diagnostic imaging and the majority of radiologists are confronted with pediatric imaging. However, there was a lack of emphasis on much-needed training of pediatric imaging in radiology residencies. With an increasing number of pediatric subspecialties, the need for adequate pediatric imaging service had grown. This was particularly true at Black Lion Hospital (BLH), the country’s main referral center, affiliated with Addis Ababa University (AAU). Radiology faculty at AAU saw value in a pediatric radiology fellowship. The partnership goals between CHOP and AAU were to support and expand the pediatric radiology component in the BLH radiology residency and to carry out regular national pediatric radiology continuing medical education. The purpose of our project was to establish an accredited local pediatric radiology fellowship training in the Department of Radiology at BLH. Read More

Authors:  Zember Jonathan , Zewdneh Daniel , Gorfu Yocabel , Reid Janet , Steenhoff Andrew , Darge Kassa

Keywords:  Outreach, Education

Guillen Gutierrez Cinthia,  Rodriguez Garza Claudia,  Elizondo Riojas Guillermo,  Hernández Grimaldo Edgar,  Garza Acosta Andrea

Final Pr. ID: Poster #: EDU-020 (S)

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is caused by autosomal-recessive mutations in the CF transmembrane regulator (CFTR) gene. Results in production of abnormally viscous mucus and secretions in the lungs of patients
It is the most common genetic disorder leading to chronic pulmonary disease in children.

In the lung, the cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator (CFTR) is a protein responsible for efflux of chloride and inhibition of the sodium channel's activity which controls the influx of sodium. Pulmonary manifestations of CF includes
Bronchiectasis
Pneumothorax
Recurrent bacterial infection
Pulmonary arterial hypertension

Chest XRAY: is inferior to CT for the assessment of patients with known bronchiectasis. Nevertheless, radiography remains a useful modality for assessing the pulmonary complications associated with bronchiectasis, because of its low cost, availability, low radiation dose, and speed of acquisition

Brasfield scoring system
The score is based on conventional chest radiographic findings and has been reported to have good correlation with pulmonary function.
There is a maximum score of 25 with points subtracted based on the score from each of the following categories:

Air trapping: generalized pulmonary overdistension (sternal bowing, depression of diaphragms, or thoracic kyphosis)
Linear markings Linear opacification due to prominence of bronchi; may be seen as parallel line densities, branching, or “end-on” circular densities (bronchial wall thickening)
Nodular cystic lesions: multiple discrete rounded densities ≥0.5 cm in diameter, with either radiopaque or radiolucent centers (bronchiectasis); does not refer to irregular linear markings; confluent nodules not classified as large lesion
Large lesions: segmental or lobar atelectasis or consolidation, including acute pneumonia.
General severity: impression of overall severity on chest x-ray

HRCT has become indispensable in the monitoring of CF patients and is used to guide therapy and assess response to treatment, as it not only correlates with lung function tests.
Scans are repeated every 6 to 18 months depending on the clinical course.

BHALLA SCORE SYSTEM
Bhalla system can assess the degree of lung involvement and the evolution of the damages caused by lung disease based on various radiological findings. It values
Bronchiectasias
Peribronchial thickening
Extent of bronchiectasias
Extent of mucous plugs
Abscesses or sacculations
Bronchial generations affected
Number of bullae
Extent of emphysema
Collapse or consolidation
Read More

Authors:  Guillen Gutierrez Cinthia , Rodriguez Garza Claudia , Elizondo Riojas Guillermo , Hernández Grimaldo Edgar , Garza Acosta Andrea

Keywords:  Chest CT, Chest Xray, Education

Servaes Sabah

Final Pr. ID: Poster #: EDU-049

There is increasing concern regarding the decreasing number of graduates from pediatric radiology fellowships. In this educational exhibit, we will explore the numbers concerning medical students, residency applications, and fellowship application trends to identify underlying issues and to consider solutions. Using data available from the AAMC, ACR, and SPR, we will convey the status of overall applications to radiology and several fellowships with a focus on pediatric radiology and consider diversity issues. Trainee survey results will also be presented to discuss aspects of our field which can be used to bolster recruitment strategies. For over twenty years, diagnostic radiology has consisted of approximately 25% women, though the percentage of female pediatric radiologists is larger. Data also suggest that more female radiologists are minorities in comparison to men. Additional approaches to improve recruitment and retainment of a diverse workforce is crucial and will also be discussed. Read More

Authors:  Servaes Sabah

Keywords:  Diversity, Education, gender

O'brien Kevin,  Ong Seng

Final Pr. ID: Poster #: SCI-041

We intended to develop and test a PACS based radiology simulation program as an objective tool to evaluate residents. We utilized the simulator as the pediatric “end of rotation” (EOR) exam and compared it to our institution’s traditional EOR review. We hypothesized that a simulator evaluation tool would better identify areas for residents to improve, create a clear gradient of resident performance, or identify a struggling resident. Read More

Authors:  O'brien Kevin , Ong Seng

Keywords:  Simulation, Pediatrics, Resident, Education

Butler Nikki,  Brinson Dana

Final Pr. ID: Poster #: EDU-04 (R)

In a Radiology Department that solely cares for pediatric patients, transitioning from computed radiography (CR) to digital radiography (DR) was a challenge. The software for the DR system is designed for imaging adults and has limited pediatric processing features. In the CR system, technologists would manually adjust the imaging technique to child appropriate values based on a technique chart and the usage of a vast array of processing tools. With DR, these charts and processing tools became obsolete. In addition, for the DR wireless flat panel detector to process the image correctly, four percent of the surface area must be exposed to radiation; a challenge in pediatric imaging. Therefore in order to achieve significant reduction in radiation exposure with DR equipment, extensive staff education, algorithm and technique chart modification is required. Read More

Authors:  Butler Nikki , Brinson Dana

Keywords:  Radiation Reduction, Digital Radiography, Computed Radiography, Education, ALARA

Alkhulaifat Dana,  Rafful Patricia,  Lopez Rippe Julian,  Khalkhali Vahid,  Welsh Michael,  Wieczkowski Sydney,  Reid Janet,  Sotardi Susan

Final Pr. ID: Poster #: EDU-043

In recent years, artificial intelligence (AI) applications for radiology have undergone exponential growth. AI has the potential to assist pediatric radiologists in several respects, including identification of various pathologies and prioritization of studies with urgent imaging findings. Although image analysis is an important application of AI, there are many additional use cases where AI can assist radiologists, including radiology operations and quality analysis. Therefore, it is critical that radiologists familiarize themselves with the wide range of AI methodologies and applications.
Although efforts have been made to create formal education for radiologists, currently available resources typically rely upon didactic lectures, without real-life context for the technology. However, case-based education is a principal component of radiology education. Furthermore, prior research has demonstrated that trainees and radiologists are interested in case-based approaches for learning AI [1].

Thus, the purpose of this educational exhibit is to provide an informative resource specifically for pediatric radiologists which utilizes a case-based learning approach. This resource uses 5 cases intended to demonstrate the variety of uses of AI in pediatric radiology, while illustrating the underlying process of AI model selection and development. Specifically, these cases will be selected to encompass AI topics including: image classification, lesion segmentation, natural language processing for imaging reports, recommender systems to enhance radiologist practice and predictive modeling for radiology operations research. This approach allows us to explore decision-points in AI model building, while examining potential pitfalls that may arise. This educational exhibit was developed based on a thorough literature review of prior AI research combined with our professional experience, and aims to provide educational resource intended to teach AI model selection and development to pediatric radiologists.

References
1. Velez-Florez MC, Ghosh A, Patton D, et al (2022) Artificial intelligence curriculum needs assessment for a pediatric radiology fellowship program: what, how, and why? Acad Radiol. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.acra.2022.04.026
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Authors:  Alkhulaifat Dana , Rafful Patricia , Lopez Rippe Julian , Khalkhali Vahid , Welsh Michael , Wieczkowski Sydney , Reid Janet , Sotardi Susan

Keywords:  Artificial Intelligence, Case-Based Learning, Education